The study first considers the Latin American context and then reviews issues of poverty alleviation, industry, sewage and sanitation, water, energy, transportation and finance in Lima, Peru. Finally, it proposes a 5-year plan to help solve the urban environmental problems of Metropolitan Lima, an environmentally difficult, but important Latin American metropolitan area located between the Pacific Ocean and a hilly desert, utilizing a real world database and a limited budget.
Master in Urban Environmental Management (UEM)
The city of Bangalore in southern India is rapidly expanding, resulting in major transformations in land use, wetland management, and the distribution of green spaces. This paper examines how transformations in land use and governance In less than four decades, the landscape surrounding the lake has altered from a fundamentally agricultural area, dependent on the lake for irrigation and drinking water, to a densely urbanized area where the lake is used predominantly for recreation.
A change in governance from community management to state management has sidelined the fishers, fodder collectors and agricultural users who traditionally maintained this lake. The governmental agencies that are supposed to maintain the lake are unable to do so due to a complex governance structure, with overlapping jurisdictions, compounded by an ongoing litigation.
Over the past decades, the lake has largely transitioned into an urban green space primarily used for recreation and nature watching. This case study provides us with a broader understanding of how changes in governance consequent to urbanization and city expansion can impact interactions between people and ecological commons in a rapidly growing Indian city.
The Government of Karnataka set up the Lake Development Authority in mandated to work for the conservation of lakes in Bangalore as well as other parts of Karnataka. This study done in investigates how this agency envisaged This study done in investigates how this agency envisaged managing the lakes of Bangalore through its Public Private Participation PPP model, with a focus on two lakes, Hebbal and Nagavara.
Bellandur Lake or Tank has for years sustained a local economy of agriculturists and fishermen, apart from providing cultural and recreational values to the several villages located around it. This study done in the years looked This study done in the years looked into the changes that took place in the Bellandur Tank due to the pressures of urbanisation on the land around it. This included expansion of the city limits, opening up of new spaces for development through construction of ring roads, seeking for new sources of water and consequent neglect of older sources such as the lakes or tanks.
The multiplicity of agencies involved in managing the water body and the land around it is also scrutinised.
Urban water management - Ramboll Group
Map of the potential natural vegetation [of Porto Alegre]. This chapter discusses the probable reconstitution of the potential natural vegetation of Porto Alegre before the arrival of the first settlers in the seventeenth century. To do so, it used geological, geomorphological, hydrographic, To do so, it used geological, geomorphological, hydrographic, pedological and remnant criteria of the current vegetation.
Nine physiognomic types and their geographic distribution were proposed. A 1: , map accompanies the text. Public environmental management in Porto Alegre. The environment, before human presence, or in the absence of the direct and indirect effects of this presence, is a natural system, composed of biotic elements flora and fauna and abiotic elements rocks, soil, water, air interacting The environment, before human presence, or in the absence of the direct and indirect effects of this presence, is a natural system, composed of biotic elements flora and fauna and abiotic elements rocks, soil, water, air interacting among themselves in the different scales.
Human presence, through its interventions, alters the natural system to a greater or lesser extent. The set of systemic interventions of the man is denominated of constructed system. For example, the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre, with its various specific systems - urban, road, sanitation, generation and distribution of energy, communications and industrial production. Some of these impacts have defined concepts in both technical-scientific and administrative-legal and legislative spheres, and three are particularly important: a environmental degradation, defined as the change in the morphology of environmental assets or in the physical, chemical and biological constitution of its elements soil, air, water , or change in biotic dynamics.
Environmental management seeks to mitigate or prevent such impacts in a given region.
This chapter deals with the structure and dynamics of environmental management in Porto Alegre. This model is orientend to residential housing and owners that, through digital services, is offered for touristic purposes. As economic activity with great social acceptance, nevertheless it is generating numerous conflicts related, for example, to the urban environment.
The Autonomous Communities in the exercise of their competences in the tourism framework have approved regulations that limit this activity. On the other hand, the municipalities in the exercise of their urban competences are carrying out a major control and limitation of the activity through of zonification and locating this type of housing in specific areas of the city. This paper analyzes the legal perspective of this topic and how this type of measures and businesses are being development.
The profiles of household solid waste recyclers and non-recyclers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia has twice launched nationwide recycling campaign in and The result of the campaign to encourage household participation in recycling is inconclusive as the programs were concentrated only in urban areas. This study is This study is an effort to conduct a comprehensive study on the effects of the recycling campaign and awareness on household recycling participation.
A standard questionnaire survey was conducted on households in selected residential areas that have active recycling programs in Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory KLFT. The study identified the socioeconomic characteristics of household recyclers and non-recyclers and their levels of knowledge on recycling by applying discriminant analysis.
In addition, evaluation of the barriers and motivations of households performing recycling was investigated using factor analysis.
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The information was combined to form a profile of household recyclers and non-recyclers in urban Malaysia. Formulation was conducted on different recycling strategies and awareness campaigns at the household level to improve the existing recycling programs and facilities for the improvement of household participation. The study succeeded in forming a profile of household recyclers dominated by higher income earners with higher educational backgrounds , who owned houses and had deeper appreciation of recycling as a social norm.
The non-recyclers had lower education and income, were tenants in one-storey houses, with little knowledge of recycling and its challenges.
The study summarized the urgency for more strategic and targeted approach to recycling campaigns at the local level, taking into account the socioeconomic backgrounds of the community, for more active participation in recycling at all levels. Call for Papers special issue : The transformative turn in planning call closed. The overall objective of this special issue is to critically review and discuss recent innovations in planning approaches, strategies and instruments regarding their potentials and limits to prepare, to initiate and to sustain The overall objective of this special issue is to critically review and discuss recent innovations in planning approaches, strategies and instruments regarding their potentials and limits to prepare, to initiate and to sustain transformative urban change.
Cities are widely recognized as critical hotspots for shifting current development pathways at local to global scales towards sustainability. Deep structural changes are required in the multiple systems that urban areas are constituted of. In fact, cities from across the globe appear to have intensified their efforts for achieving more substantive changes in urban systems. Over the last decade, the number and scope of new planning approaches to foster and direct future urban change has increased considerably, both in the global North and South, targeting a variety of fundamental long-term economic, social and environmental changes.
This emerging diversity of novel planning approaches necessarily implies shifts regarding the role and tasks of planning, its rationalities and related institutions: New approaches are frequently cutting across established sectoral and territorial boundaries, involve a variety of different actors and through novel methods, while seldom relying on formal regulations. Most importantly, the extent to which such approaches effectively enable or constrain transformative change may differ substantially, depending on their respective formation, orientation and design.
Markus Egermann. Bangkok is the capital city of the Kingdom of Thailand. With a population of 9. Bangkok forms the core of Bangkok Metropolitan Region, which has an estimated population of 15 million Bangkok forms the core of Bangkok Metropolitan Region, which has an estimated population of 15 million.
Bangkok Metropolitan Administration BMA governs the city, and is supported by 50 districts that serve as its administrative subdivisions. Yongyuth Apiworathanakorn. Ekkathep Ekkamolkul. We propose a rethinking of urban waste management through a sustainability lens which embraces the informal sector and brings together environmental protection and social justice agendas, which are often seen as divergent. The event coincides with the recent release of amended national waste management guidelines, which we have been seeking to influence as part of our environmental health in transitional spaces project.
In this work we have been examining how different interest groups frame urban waste management challenges, and how this links to understandings of sustainability, complexity, risk and uncertainty and priorities for intervention. We have been exploring how and why particular waste management options such as those that focus on waste to energy technology become dominant, including the power relations and politics behind decision making processes, and the incentive schemes and partnerships that reinforce particular ways of doing things.
Working with a diverse range of stakeholders we have been promoting dialogue on the implications of current centralized waste management approaches in terms of the environment, health and social justice. We have been highlighting the winners and losers, the transfer of risks across time and space and between social groups, and the difficulties associated with the failure of participatory decision making processes, lack of accountability, simplistic understandings of material and social flows of waste, and lack of recognition of the informal sector.
We also learned from the multiple examples of alternative waste management strategies, and worked with people from some of the many excellent initiatives practicing and promoting them, to consider the ways in which these alternative waste management pathways were able to address the need to bring together the social justice, environmental and health concerns of sustainable urban waste management. Building on this collaborative work, we were able to distill a set of eight principles for rethinking urban waste management through a sustainability lens.
We think these principles could be adopted at multiple levels, but a key target for policy intervention has been the national Solid Waste Management rules. These are the guidelines formulated by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate change MoEFCC that play a central role in determining how waste is collected, segregated, stored, processed and disposed of in Indian cities.
Alongside this court case, several groups raised objections against the rules. We were delighted when, as a result, Satish Sinha from Toxics Link was the invited to become a part of the review committee responsible for producing the current draft rules. Reflecting on the features that have been included, but also key gaps, particularly in terms of providing guidelines for implementation, appropriate forms of participation in decision making and procedures for accountability. National and state urban development agencies have been asked to formulate policy on solid waste management in the context of rules that need to be translated into city level waste plan by the Urban Local Bodies ULBs and others.
Many new stakeholders have been involved in the management of urban waste and their responsibilities have been assigned, but it seems that no mechanism is suggested in the rules that integrates all the stakeholders, or considers accountability if they are not fulfilling their responsibilities. Similarly, the role of the informal sector waste pickers has also been recognized in the new rules, but there is no proposal to develop guidelines to establish the involvement of waste pickers. Waste pickers associations are already coming together to offer coordinated solutions, and there are a number of promising examples of informal sector organisations being supported in constructive ways to address environmental health and livelihoods concerns — which are often seen as contradictory.